Word List: Unit 1 Vocab - Introduction

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PatternAn arrangement or sequence regularly found in comparable objects or events.
Absolute LocationThe exact position of an object or place, measured within the spatial coordinates of a grid system.
Relative Locationthe regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
Geographic ScaleThe ratio between the size of an area on a map and he actual size of that same area on the earth's surface
Placereferring to a locality distinguished by specific physical and social characteristic, provide anchors for human identity
Absolute SpaceSpace as defined mathematically; an exact area or region.
Relative Spacespace that is created and defined by human interactions, perceptions, or relations between events...defined more by contingency
SiteThe absolute location of a place, described by local relief, landforms, and other cultural or physical characteristics.
SituationThe relative location of a place in relation to the physical and cultural characteristics of the surrounding area and the connections and interdependencies within that system; a place's spatial context.
Peters Projectiona cylindrical map projection that attempts to retain the accurate sizes of all the world's landmasses; Advantage = sizes accurate Disadvantage =shapes of continents distorted-seeks to keep earth as equal and realistic as possible, but distorts shape
Robinson ProjectionProjection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors. It does not maintain completely accurate area, shape, distance, or direction, but it minimizes errors in each-map that tries to minimize errors in projection; flattened globe map
Mercator Projection(a map projected onto a cylinder) A map which accurately shows directions and shapes but distorts distance and size-famous "new world map", but distorts distance and size
MapA two-dimensional or flat-scale model of Earth's surface, or a portion of it
Distortiondisadvantages for maps depicting the entire world of the: shape, distance, relative size, and direction of places on maps
Remote Sensingacquiring info about something that is located at a distance from you, geographers use it for tracking oil spills/water pollution
Geographic Information Systems
(Closest match: GIS geographic information systems)
a combo of hardware and software that enables the input, management, analysis, and visualization of georeferenced data. It can: reveal relationships, link data, and visualize with maps.
Global Positioning System
(Closest match: Global Positioning System (GPS))
system that accurately determines the precise position of something on Earth, which includes several satellites in predetermined orbits and tracking stations to code the precise location of objects and reach a certain point
Online MappingUse of software and GIS to make maps available online, or the practice thereof.
Cultural Regions
(Closest match: perceptual regions)
people's sense of identity and attachment to different areas, borders tend to be highly variable
Formal Regionarea that possesses one or more unifying physical or cultural traits
Functional Regionarea unified by a specific economic, political or social activity, has at least one node (business/office/entity to coordinate activity)
Perceptual Region
(Closest match: perceptual regions)
people's sense of identity and attachment to different areas, borders tend to be highly variable
Distance DecayThe diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Friction of DistanceA measure of how much absolute distance affects the interaction between two places.
Human Environmental InteractionHow do people modify (change) the environment; How do people adapt to the environment; How do people depend on the environment
PossibilismThe theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Reference Maps
(Closest match: Reference Map)
A map type that shows reference information for a particular place, making it useful for finding landmarks and for navigating.
Thematic Maps
(Closest match: Thematic map)
a map that demonstrates a particular feature or a single variable. Four types: dot, isoline, choropleth, and proportional symbol.
Cartograma map that has been simplified to present a single idea ina diagrammatic way: the base is not normally true to scale.
Choropleth
(Closest match: Choropleth Map)
A thematic map that uses tones or colors to represent spatial data as average values per unit data
Graduated Symbol
(Closest match: Proportional Symbol map)
Symbol size equal value. Bigger dots typically mean larger value and vice versa
Dot
(Closest match: Dot Map)
a thematic map in which a dot represents some frequency of the mapped variable
IsolineMap line that connects points of equal or very similar values.

Created by Adam Priebe — 8/30/2017