Word List: Unit 3 Vocab - Culture

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Anatolian Hearth Theory
(Closest match: Anatolian Hypothesis)
The Proto-Indo-European language peacefully spread through the innovation of agriculture.
Conquest TheoryTheory that the Proto-Indo-European language spread via warriors who conquered parts of Asia and Europe
GlobalizationThe expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact. The processes of globalization transcend state boundaries and have out comes that vary across places and scales.
PlacelessnessDefined by geographer Edward Relph as the loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
Homogenization Thesis-globalization makes culture more alikeEX: fast food restaurant, hotels, etc.
AmericanizationAmerican brands, values, and attitudes being spread across the world
Polarization ThesisGlobalization contributes to a heightened sense of sociocultural identity that serves to fragment people and trigger social disorder and instability instead of creating a standardized global culture.
Innovation
(Closest match: innovation adaptation)
the embracing, accepting and spreading of new ideas and concepts
DiffusionThe spreading of a trait, idea, culture, innovation, etc. across space.
Relocation DiffusionThe diffusion of ideas, innovations, behaviors, and the like from one place to another through migration.
Contagious DiffusionThe spread of a disease, innovation, or cultural traits through direct contact with another person or another place.
Hierarchical DiffusionA form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples. An urban hierarchy is usually involved, encouraging the leapfrogging of innovations over wide areas, with geographic distance a less important influence
Reverse Hierarchical DiffusionAn idea involving businesses or ideas that start off small in rural centers and then spread to big areas, or from the bottom of the social pyramid to the top.
Stimulus Diffusionspread of an idea, practice, or other phenomenon prompts a new idea/innovation
Mutual AdaptationA project structure where the development of new services and organizational change is conducted as two parallel, but interactive processes.
MulticulturalismThe presence of, or support for the presence of, several distinct cultural or ethnic groups within a society.
AssimilationThe process through which people lose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speech particularities or mannerisms, when they come into contact with another society or culture. Often used to describe immigrant adaptation to new places of residence
Acculturationcultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture; a merging of culture as a result of prolonged contact; do not lose home culture
ImperialismA policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
ColonialismThe policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
Multinational StateState that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Berlin ConferenceConference which regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power.
DecolonizedA country from which another country has withdrawn, leaving it independent
Self-DeterminationThe right of a group with a distinctive politico-territorial identity to determine its own destiny, at least in part, through the control of its own territory.
Ethnic ReligionReligion that is identified with a particular ethnic or tribal group and that does not seek new converts.
MonotheismThe worship of only one god
Abrahamic FaithsJudaism, Christianity, Islam
DiasporaA Greek word meaning 'dispersal,' used to describe the communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland. Jews, for example, were spread from Israel to western Asia and Mediterranean lands in by the Romans.
TheisticRelating to or characterized by belief in the existence of a god or gods.
UniversalizingA religion that attempts to appeal to all people not just those living in a particular location
Vedic
(Closest match: Vedic Faiths)
the Veda's are India's oldest sacred writings and influenced the development of Hinduism. Buddhism later diverged from Hinduism.
DharmicBehaviors that are considered to be in accord with rta, the order that makes life and universe possible, a key concept in Indian religions
PolytheisticBelief in many gods
MonotheisticBelief in one god
Non-TheisticNot having or involving a belief in a god or gods.
FundamentalismLiteral interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
Secularismthe idea that ethnic and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on earth not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable life
Blue LawsLaws prohibiting certain activities, such as shopping, on a Sunday.
Popular Culture-The practices, attitudes, and preferences that many people in a particular group have in common.-heterogenus -changes frequently-found anywhere on cultural landscape-large societies
Folk CultureRefers to a constellation of cultural practices that form the sights, smells, sounds, and rituals of everyday existence in the traditional societies in which they developed.
Cultural ConvergenceThe tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication.
CommodificationThe process through which something is given monetary value. Commodification occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy
Language FamilyA collection of many languages, all of which cam from the same original tongue long ago, that have since evolved different characteristics
Language Convergenceconsistent interaction with ppl with different language ->collapse into one language
PidginA form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
CreoleA pidgin language that evolves to the point at which it becomes the primary language of the people who speak it.
Language ExtinctionThis occurs when a language is no longer in use by any living people
Lingua FrancaAn extremely simple language that combines aspects of two or more other, more-complex languages usually used for quick and efficient communication.
Artificial Languagepurposefully constructed by ppl for international commun or fictional purposes, designed to create an universal languageEX: JRR Tolkien-Elvis language for book
Dead LanguageA language no longer in everyday spoken use, such as Latin.
Endangered Languagenot used everyday or taught to children by parents
Native SpeakerA person who has spoken the language in question from earliest childhood.
DialectGeographically distinct versions of a single language that very somewhat from the parent form
Accentperceive person as having a dialect of our language and has different pronunciation
Mutual IntelligibilityTwo people can understand each other
Isoglossa geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature occurs
ToponymPlace names given to certain features on the land such as settlements, terrain features, and streams.

Created by Adam Priebe — 8/30/2017